Types Of Pipe Fittings And Their Uses

Pipe welding is often performed by specially licensed workers whose skills are retested periodically. For critical applications, every joint is tested with nondestructive methods. Because of the skills required, welded pipe joints are usually restricted to high-performance applications such as shipbuilding, and in chemical and nuclear reactors. Although they are usually used to attach pipe and fittings to mechanical supports in buildings, they do not connect the pipes to each other.

The ends may be machined for butt welding, threaded , or socketed. When the ends differ in size, it is known as a reducing elbow. From dependable compression fittings to soldier rings and press-fit elbows, our range of pipe fittings helps make sure you can finish the job properly.

Fittings require money, time, materials, and tools to install, and are an important part of piping and plumbing systems. Valves are technically fittings, but are usually discussed separately. Choosing the material of your pipe fitting comes down to what will be running through the pipe. From fittings perfect for cold water supplies to reliable options for gases and chemicals wastes, we carry a variety of fitting options to help you get the job done.

Precautions must also be taken to avoid starting fires caused by stray sparks and hot welding debris. Central vacuum system inlet fittings are intentionally designed with a tighter radius of curvature than those of other bends in the system. If vacuumed debris becomes stuck it will jam at the inlet, where it is easy to find and remove. A double-tapped bushing is more compact than a reducer, but not as flexible. While a double-tapped bushing has a smaller female thread concentric to a larger male thread , a reducer may have large and small ends of either gender.

Elbows are generally available with an angle of 22.5o, 45o and 90o. If pipes are of same diameter then normal elbows are used otherwise Reducer elbows are used. These are generally coming with female threads and we can fix them by butt or socket welding also. Obviously, pipe fittings are attached to the end of pipes that allow them to change direction, control the flow, and change the diameter of the pipe. Being a non-trivial part of plumbing and piping systems, consulting us with your need is definitely advised to save yourself time, money, materials, and headaches. Unions are used as an alternative to flanges connection in low-pressure small bore piping where the dismantling of the pipe is required more often.

A tee, the most common pipe fitting, is used to combine or divide fluid flow.Tees can connect pipes of different diameters or change the direction of a pipe run, or both. Available in a variety of materials, sizes and finishes, they may also be used to transport two-fluid mixtures. Tees may be equal or unequal in size of their three connections, with equal tees the most common. In short radius elbow, centreline radius is the same as the nominal size of the pipe or you can say one times the diameter of the pipe.

A galvanized coating of metallic zinc was often used to protect steel water pipes from corrosion, but this protective coating eventually would dissolve away, exposing the iron to deterioration. Pipes used to convey fuel gas are often made of “black iron”, which has been chemically treated to reduce corrosion, but this treatment does not resist erosion from flowing water. Hydraulic systems use high fluid pressure, such as the hydraulic actuators for bulldozers and backhoes. Their hydraulic fittings are designed and rated for much greater pressure than that experienced in general piping systems, and they are generally not compatible with those used in plumbing.

The CPVC fittings we offer will not glue on PVC schedule 40 pipe. The CPVC fittings we offer are Copper Tube Sized and normal Schedule 40 PVC pipes are sized according to IPS standards which are slightly larger in diameter. CTS sized piping has the same outside diameter as copper piping. 1/2″ Schedule 40 PVC fittings fit PVC piping that is 27/32″ O.D. Disassemble the pipe or threaded connection and check that a clearly visible shoulder of cut material is present in front of the first cutting edge. In this case, the cutting ring may be allowed to rotate, but must not move axially.

It must be installed in an easily accessible place for adjustment, replacement, and repair. A trap primer, a specialized valve, is usually connected to a clean-water supply in addition to a DWV system. Because of the dual connection, it must be designed to resist the accidental backflow of contaminated water. Underground piping systems for landscaping drainage or the disposal of stormwater or groundwater also use low-pressure gravity flow, so fittings for these systems resemble larger-scale DWV fittings.

There are three pieces in a union, a nut, a female end, and a male end. When the female and male ends are joined, the nuts provide the necessary pressure to seal the joint. Cap is a type of pipe fitting which function is same as plug but the only difference is plug contain male threads and cap contain female threads which is screws on the male thread of pipe. These are available in different materials like rubber, copper, steel, plastic etc. They are typically made of brass or plastic, but stainless steel or other materials may be used.

black steel fittings

PTFE tape and pipe joint compound (also known as “pipe dope”) should only be used on “IPS” (“iron pipe size”) threads, which are normal pipe threads. IPS threads make their seal along the threads themselves; when a piece of IPS-threaded pipe is screwed into a fitting, PTFE tape and/or pipe dope is used to assist that seal on the threads. Flare fittings, on the other hand, seal on the beveled ends of the fittings, and so using pipe dope or tape on flare threads could actually prevent the fittings from making an adequate seal. The chief advantage of these connectors is that they can be installed after cutting the pipe to length in the field. This can save time and considerable expense compared to flange connections, which must be factory- or field-welded to pipe segments. However, mechanically fastened joints are sensitive to residual and thickness stresses caused by dissimilar metals and temperature changes.

The use of miter bend is restricted to the low-pressure water line. Applications include rotary and pipe fittings, adapters and couplings, hydraulic pipes and high pressure flanges. Whether you’re simply stocking up on plumbing fittings and repair parts or have a specific project in mind, Ace offers many types of pipe fittings made of different materials. Find your plumbing fitting solutions at Ace, then shop for other essential plumbing repair parts for your home needs. Coupling are also useful if the pipe is broken or leakage occurs.

Push-to-pull fittings are a type of easily removed compression fitting that allows pipes to be connected with minimal use of tools. These fittings are similar to regular compression fittings, but use an O-ring for sealing and a grip ring to hold the pipe. The main advantage is that it can easily be removed and re-used, it is easy to assemble, and the joints are still rotatable even after assembly. The pipe end should be square so it sits against the stop in the fittings and does not create turbulence, and needs to be a clean cut to avoid damaging the O-ring during insertion.

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